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The Beliefs about Language Learning Inventory (BALLI): Teacher Version. This version adapted with Horwitz, E. K. (). Becoming a language teacher: A. Re-examining Horwitz’s Beliefs About Language Learning Inventory (BALLI) in the Malaysian .. She acknowledged that the themes in her questionnaire were. It is concluded that development of the BALLI marked the beginning of . four items adapted from the Beliefs About Language Learning questionnaire (Horwitz, .

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Table 4 is concerned blali learning and communication strategies and there were eight items 7, 9, 13, 14, 18, 21, 22, Results All results will be given briefly in this section and discussed further in the next section. This shows that both the teachers and students may blame a lack of intelligence for a lack of progress in language leaning.

It was found that the majority of the participants perceived insufficient communication with teachers and peer students as the dominant difficulty in distance learning, and that distance language learning was more difficult than traditional classroom language learning.

In this study the responses of the participants have been shown in percentage. Cummingscited in Richards, points out:. Research interests in beliefs about language learning are not limited to those of language learners.

User Name Password Sign In. Hhorwitz mentions that there are learners who believe that people who speak more than one language are very intelligent. The majority of the students and teachers agree that learning a language by spending one hour a day takes 1—2 years or 3—5 years.

She used the BALLI to collect data and the data analysis showed that generally pre-service teachers recognized the existence of foreign language aptitude and placed strong emphasis on excellent pronunciation, vocabulary acquisition, the benefits of practice, and an immersion approach to language learning.

For collecting data from the students, the researcher distributed the instrument during class time preceded by a brief explanation of the purpose and the nature of the study. This indicates that Iranian teachers and students have strong instrumental motivation for learning English and they feel that learning English will help their promotion in the future.

Perhaps this is due to the teaching methods and structure of Iranian English books which follow behaviorism. Download article Author Biodata. Although there are numerous independent studies on student or teacher beliefs about language learning, there has been relatively little work on comparative studies in this area in general, and in Iran in particular.


The findings of Horwitz, Kern, and Mantle-Bromely were similar in several aspects and they observed that some of the learner beliefs were different from teacher queationnaire. Learning and Communication Strategies Table 4 is concerned with learning and communication strategies and there were eight items 7, 9, 13, 14, 18, 21, 22, Table 2 consists of five items 3, 4, 15, 25, 34 which deal with the difficulty of language learning. After the collection of the data, they were questionanire using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics.

There was a significant difference in scores for the teachers M: The findings of this study are in line with studies, such as Peacock and Wong For example, a majority of students agree with the balil items: This means that Iranian students have a relatively high level of confidence for learning foreign languages and this certainly helps their learning.

These potentially detrimental beliefs affect their language learning and teachers should try to reduce the possibility of these beliefs being unfavorable, by focusing more on communicative approaches in language learning and teaching. These beliefs must be changed because they affect their teaching behavior in the classroom.

Also these kinds of students are maybe dissatisfied with a teacher who does not emphasize grammar, vocabulary, and translation in classroom tasks. This paper reports on a study that auestionnaire language learning beliefs of intermediate and upper intermediate EFL students 74 females and 26 males with an average age of 15 and 80 EFL teachers 36 females and 44 males with an average age of 29 in Iran.

Review of literature According to Richards and Schmitlearner beliefs include opinions learners have about various aspects of language, learning and teaching. Several studies have researched beliefs about the language learning of both in-service and pre-service teachers. Their ages ranged from 25 to questoonnaire with an average age of Those language learners, who horwifz this may blame a lack of intelligence for their lack of progress and success, an unjustifiable assumption which leads to frustration and dissatisfaction.

In the present study, the beliefs of English teachers and students concerning language learning were explored using the BALLI Horwitz, According to Richards and Schmitlearner beliefs include opinions learners have about various aspects of language, learning and suestionnaire. This study has two implications for other language teaching programs. These studies were designed based on the hypothesis that teacher beliefs may influence student beliefs through instructional practices.


This gap in the current literature on learning beliefs was the motivation behind conducting this study in horwitzz context where the issue has not received due attention by researchers.

Table 1 deals with foreign language aptitude. The questionnaire was not translated into Persian, but the participants filled it in with the presence of the questilnnaire.

Horwitz developed questiionnaire inventory for her foreign language teacher training course. Peacockfor example, compared the beliefs of students and 45 university ESL teachers. The questionnaire was administered to the chosen students and teachers in English. If they had difficulty in understanding any item, the researchers clarified the misunderstanding. It can be done through extra in-service training and they can be referred to readings which discuss the benefit of more communicative approaches to teaching EFL.

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At present, the instrument which is mostly used for collecting data in the area of learner beliefs about language learning is the item Likert-scale BALLI. All results will be given briefly in this quwstionnaire and discussed further in the next section. Download article Author Biodata Vol. In the result section these items have been categorized based on the topic being discussed.

A Comparison of EFL Teachers and Students’ Beliefs about Language Learning

Table 3 had six items 8, 12, 17, 23, 27, 28 which deal with the nature of language learning. Sixty nine percent of the students agree that they have a special ability for learning foreign languages. Few studies have compared the belief systems of these two major stake-holders in any educational enterprise.

Second, it is important for teachers to change the beliefs of the students questionmaire negatively affect their language learning.