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When you georeference your raster dataset, you define its location using dataset that you want to align with your projected data in ArcMap. The general steps for georeferencing a raster dataset are: Add the raster dataset that aligns with the projected data. – Add control points that link known raster. This tutorial will explain how to georeference a raster image in ArcGIS so it can then be used as an overlay or for digitizing purposes. In this example, a historic.

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There are several tool that you can use to evaluate your links: You can see how six parameters define how a raster’s rows and columns transform into map coordinates. If you want to zoom in further, you can click this tool multiple times. The navigational buttons will all be disabled on the Image Viewer window. Add the layers residing in map coordinates and the raster dataset to be georeferenced.

For example, if your target data only occupies one-quarter of the area of your raster dataset, the points you could use to align the raster dataset would be confined to that area of overlap. You can also add your links in the Magnification window or the Viewer window.

Georeferencing a raster to a vector

This displays the raster dataset in the same area as the reference layer. Content feedback is currently offline for maintenance.

Type in the rotation angle, x,y shift, or rescale factor. The first-order polynomial transformation is commonly used to georeference an image.

Save to New or the Warp geoprocessing tool will create a new raster dataset that is georeferenced using the map coordinates and the spatial reference. All residuals closer to zero are considered more accurate. Procedure The general steps for georeferencing a raster dataset are: Get notified about latest updates to this technical article? Answer Georeferencing is a process by which a raster dataset image without spatial reference can be matched with a layer that does have spatial reference.


You can georeference a raster dataset, a raster layer that contains raster functions, an image service, or a mosaic layer. The control points are not deleted. The georeferencing tools on the Georeference tab allows you to georeference any raster dataset. Creates a new transformed raster dataset. If you navigate the data view, the Image Viewer will show the same extent. Please try again in a few minutes. If possible, you should spread the links over the entire raster dataset rather than concentrating them in one area.

Permanently transform the raster by using the Rectify command on the georeferencing toolbar. Resets the raster back to its original location. The forward-inverse residual is a measure of how close your accuracy is, measured in pixels. To minimize errors, you should georeference to data that is at the highest resolution and largest scale for your needs.

Georeferencing toolbar tools—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

This is commonly used when your data is already georeferenced, but geeoreference small shift will better line up your data. However, adding more links will not necessarily yield a better registration. None c-gis c-gis Delete Enter labels to add to this page: This is a measure of how close your accuracy is, measured in pixels. None c-gis c-gis Delete. See Georeferencing a raster automatically for steps to perform autoregistration.

It provides information regarding the links that have been created and the residual error associated with the links. The inverse residual shows you the error in the pixels units. In general, if your raster dataset needs to be stretched, scaled, and rotated, use a first-order transformation.


In the table heoreference contents, right-click a target layer the referenced dataset and click Zoom to Layer. You can manually rescale the source layer, or you can type a rescale factor in the measurement text box. Opens a viewer window that only displays the raster that you will be georeferencing. Transforming the raster When you’ve created enough control arcmxp, you can transform the raster dataset to the map coordinates of the target data.

The number of links you need to create depends on goreference complexity of the transformation you plan to use to transform the raster dataset to map coordinates. The View Link Table button in the toolbar allows you to look at all of the links you have made, see their respective residuals, and delete ones you think may be inaccurate.

Georeferencing toolbar tools

Updates the display with each link that is created. Georeterence an image to align with other data Summary Instructions provided describe how to georeference raster data to align correctly with other data.

Disable vector snapping while pressed down. Typically, the adjust and spline transformations give an RMS of nearly zero; however, this does not mean that the image will be perfectly georeferenced. This creates a new file with the same name as the raster dataset, but with an. Keep in mind that your georeferenced data is only as accurate as the data to which it is aligned. Spline requires a minimum of 10 control points.